The study of the interactions between humans, their communities, and the environment including responses to and affects on the environment.
A 19th‐century term for the values and ideals of the European Renaissance. Broadly speaking humanism centers on and assigns a positive role to the human individual: as the ultimate source of value, and as capable of developing the moral, physical, spiritual, and rational faculties. The movement was originally sparked by the rediscovery of Greek and Roman literature.
The study, measurement, and description of large bodies of water. The central goal of hydrography is to provide for safe navigation and protection of the marine environment through the creation of accurate nautical charts and related publications.