Reference Works

Encyclopedia of American Environmental History

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The essential reference on this critical topic and the only work of its kind, the four-volume Encyclopedia of American Environmental History begins with eight broad thematic essays, which highlight the major issues and topics in environmental history and serve as an entryway to other, more specific articles throughout the reference. Arranged alphabetically, more than 750 articles cover every significant issue, event, law, and figure in U.S. environmental history. All articles are written and signed by leading environmental historians, scholars, and experts, many of them members of the American Society for Environmental History (ASEH). The Board of Advisers is composed of a wide array of distinguished historians, and many of them are ASEH founders and members. Useful reference features include 200 illustrations, 100 original documents, 80 maps, 20 charts, a master chronology, bibliography, and an index.

Thre Earths: a red one, a blue one, and a green oneThe Encyclopedia of Earth

A component of the Earth Portal, The Encyclopedia of Earth (EoE) is an electronic reference about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. The EoE is a free, expert-reviewed collection of content contributed by scholars, professionals, educators, practitioners and other experts who collaborate and review each other’s work. The content is presented in a style intended to be useful to students, educators, scholars, professionals, as well as to the general public. The EoE was launched in September 2006 with about 360 articles, and as of November 30, 2010 had 7,678 articles.

Iceberg floating in the OceanEncyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy

Table of Contents

The field of environmental ethics is a new but now well-established sub-discipline of philosophy. Emerging in the mid-1970s, the field coalesced with the inaugural volume of the journal Environmental Ethics in 1979 and developed rapidly. By the turn of the century, most colleges and universities offered courses, if not major programs of study, in this important discipline. The Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy addresses the needs of upper high school students, undergraduate researchers, teachers and professors, as well as general readers by examining the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. More than 300 peer-reviewed articles cover concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage. Additional features include 200 photographs and illustrations, thematic outline, annotated bibliography, and a comprehensive index.

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

In the new millennium, as environmental alarm has escalated, so has interest and concern about the role of religion in nature. Much of the thinking has involved a hope for a “greening” of religion—i.e. that religion might promote environmentally-protective action. Many believe that this greening of religion is a prerequisite for solving the world’s social and environmental problems. Curiosity regarding the relationships between human culture, religion and the wider natural world, however, goes beyond such curiosity. The ERN represents an intensive effort to broaden the inquiry and asks the fundamental question: What are the relationships between Homo sapiens, their diverse religions, and the earth’s living systems? The award winning Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature critically explores the relationships among human beings, their environments, and the religious dimensions of life. This wide-ranging work—chronologically, geographically, religiously—includes 1,000 entries from 520 international contributors.

Picture of all ten volumesBerkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, 10 vols.

Sample pages from volume 1

In the 10-volume Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability experts around the world provide authoritative coverage of the growing body of knowledge about ways to restore the planet.  Focused on solutions, this interdisciplinary print and online publication draws from the natural, physical, and social sciences.  The result is a unified, organized, and peer-reviewed resource on sustainability that connects academic research to real world challenges and provides a balanced, trustworthy perspective on the global environmental challenges in the 21st century.

  • Volume 1: The Spirit of Sustainability
  • Volume 2: The Business of Sustainability
  • Volume 3: The Law and Politics of Sustainability
  • Volume 4: Natural Resources and Sustainability
  • Volume 5: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability
  • Volume 6: Measurements, Indicators, and Research Methods for Sustainability
  • Volume 7: China and India: Assessing Sustainability
  • Volume 8: The Americas and Oceania: Assessing Sustainability
  • Volume 9: Afro-Eurasia: Assessing Sustainability
  • Volume 10: The Future of Sustainability

Encyclopedia of World Environmental History

Aimed at a broad audience of students, scholars, professionals, and general readers, this reference work contains 520 signed articles providing current, comprehensive coverage of environmental history from ancient times to the present. The well-written, alphabetically arranged articles range in length from one column to multiple pages. Interdisciplinary and cross-cultural in approach, the encyclopedia covers a broad range of general topics, including arts, literature, biomes, climate, natural events, economic systems, energy, ancient civilizations, exploitation, philosophies, law, people, plants, animals, nonliving resources, places, religion, technology, and science. Examples of specific articles are Animal rights, Aristotle, Buddhism, Coffee, Danube River, Ecofeminism, Eden, Environmental ethics, Free trade, Germany, Global warming, Pleistocene overkill, Snail darter, Trans-Alaska pipeline, and Wilderness. The text is augmented by 20 maps and more than 100 photographs. Some 115 sidebars provide engaging supplemental material, including extracts from historical documents, firsthand accounts, ethnographic accounts, environmental literature, poetry, and religious traditions. Suggestions for further reading accompany each article.

Green Ethics and Philosophy: An A-to-Z Guide

Covers the moral relationship between humans and their natural environment, specifically targeting the contemporary green movement. Since the 1960s, green ethics and philosophies have helped give birth to the civil rights, feminist, and gay rights movements, as well as contemporary environmentalism. With a primary focus on green environmental ethics, this reference work, available in both print and electronic formats, presents approximately 150 signed entries organized A-to-Z, traversing a wide range of curricular disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, business, economics, religion, and political science. A rich blend of topics, from the Hannover Principle to green eco-feminism, responsible eco-tourism, corporate values and sustainability, and more, are explained by university professors and scholars, all contributing to an outstanding reference mainly for academic and public libraries. Vivid photographs, searchable hyperlinks, numerous cross references, an extensive resource guide, and a clear, accessible writing style make the Green Society volumes ideal for classroom use as well as for research.